How Sonos Is Building the Audio Internet

Nick Millington had simply began to really feel like a profitable software program engineer. It was early 2003, and at age 26 he already had a fruitful profession at Microsoft. He feared his one-bedroom condo in Redmond, Washington—crammed with a mishmash of bargain-bin furnishings and DIY shelving product of cinderblocks and wooden planks—wasn’t consultant of his upward mobility. He wasn’t a ravenous pupil anymore, he was an grownup. So Millington did what all of us do as soon as we’re ready: He purchased a bigger, extra elegant condo and crammed it with brand-new stuff.

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“I used to be beginning to assume extra concerning the design of my dwelling,” Millington says. “You know, upgrading to the fancier Ikea furnishings that appeared good.”

Sonos chief product officer Nick Millington.


One nagging drawback was learn how to rig up his music system. Digital music was exploding on the web, and Millington had spent many hours methodically attempting to gather each Billboard Top 40 hit from 1945 onward, amassing a variety of different, extra eclectic music information alongside the best way. But listening to his treasure trove of tunes felt like residing within the dorms once more. All of his MP3s have been saved on the boxy PC he stored in his front room. “At the time, my music setup was a Gateway 2000 tower PC after which I had a laptop computer,” he says. “I’d do terminal server into the PC and play MP3 information there. That wasn’t chopping it for me.”

Around that very same time, a Santa Barbara, California, startup known as Sonos was hiring engineers. Sonos courted Millington with a easy pitch: It wished to make digital music gamers that will look respectable on his “fancier” Ikea cabinets, wirelessly entry his MP3s with out requiring him to the touch a PC, and play all of his music in each room of his home. Millington wished in.

Now, 15 years later, Nick Millington is the chief product officer at Sonos: the man answerable for the entire firm’s audio system and software program. When I meet him at Sonos’ East Coast headquarters in Boston, he is dressed like an archetypical engineer, in a plaid, short-sleeved shirt. Framing his spherical face is brown hair that is stored in verify however appears to be ready for the possibility to poof and curl. He seems to be each utterly put collectively and a touch raveled abruptly.

Millington is called as an inventor on 69 Sonos patents, with 33 others pending—a good portion of the corporate’s whole portfolio, which numbers round 500 patents. He additionally developed the core networking framework that retains the playback of a number of Sonos audio system all through a house in good sync. His work was central to the corporate’s early adoption of apps and its growth from amps to audio system. Yet, despite the fact that his efforts have confirmed important to the corporate’s success, Millington tends to credit score others much more than himself. He appears extra involved with fixing issues than bragging about his options, which can be why he is by no means sought a better highlight or given an in-depth interview earlier than speaking to WIRED.

Since 2005, Sonos has offered 19 million audio units—every of them a illustration of the work achieved by Millington and his staff—into 7 million properties. The similar audio system nonetheless prime many best-of guides. By most measures, it is a story of success.

In the longer term, Millington hints, Sonos could create its first audio system and audio merchandise designed to go away the home.

But at the moment, Sonos is crusing rougher seas. Cofounder and CEO John MacFarlane resigned in early 2017 and was changed by COO Patrick Spence. The firm has additionally had multiple spherical of layoffs because it has handled an evolving aggressive panorama. The rise of the voice-assistant sensible speaker, specifically, took the corporate abruptly. Just this yr, shortly earlier than going public, Sonos launched a brand new soundbar that interacts with voice providers from Apple, Amazon, and shortly, Google—the identical tech giants who’ve charged forcefully into the multiroom wi-fi speaker market Sonos constructed.

It will likely be as much as Millington and his product staff to chart a course by the uneven, frenemy-filled waters forward. To do it, he could assist information the corporate into new locations altogether. Until now, all Sonos merchandise have been shackled to rooms inside your property. In the longer term, Millington hints, Sonos could create its first audio system and audio merchandise designed to go away the home.

Millington is used to leaving homes. As the son of a British Diplomatic Service officer, he spent his whole childhood globetrotting, nevertheless it was his time as a child in Japan within the 1980s—an period when the nation was the worldwide epicenter for digital innovation—that set him on a path towards tech.

“There was an space of Tokyo known as Akihabara, which is the place there have been all of those tech corporations and these shops the place you may go purchase infinite arrays of components, and extremely low cost floppy disks and all kinds of apparatus,” Millington says. “I used to go nearly each weekend with just a few geeky buddies of mine and take a look at numerous developments and issues like that.”

He realized about networking early on as effectively, subscribing to the primary dialup web service supplier in Japan, known as TWICS. He ran a Tokyo PC customers group on a bulletin board system that predated the online. Eventually, he landed at Duke University within the US after which went to Microsoft when he graduated in 1998, the place he labored on SharePoint, the software program maker’s on-line collaboration platform.

When Sonos was based, in 2002, there was no streaming music. No Spotify. No Pandora. AOL dialup was the most well-liked technique to entry the web, and plenty of households did not even have Wi-Fi but. iTunes was popularizing the idea of authorized music downloads, and file-sharing providers like Kazaa have been rising in reputation because the music trade reeled within the wake of Napster.

The 4 founders of Sonos, led by MacFarlane, acknowledged that digital music would more and more change into an even bigger a part of shopper’s lives. Their huge concept was an formidable plan to make it doable for anybody to arrange a multiroom dwelling speaker community for digital music. At the time, multiroom methods may very well be bought, however they have been inaccessible.

“The know-how was very cumbersome,” Millington says. “It was tough to arrange. It was usually the area of high-end installers charging very excessive costs for stuff that did not all the time work terribly effectively. Sometimes you needed to really rebuild your property to place within the mandatory wiring and audio system.”

Their plan was to democratize the entire stack. Instead of requiring devoted wiring or a staff {of professional} installers, Sonos would create Wi-Fi amplifiers (“ZonePlayers”) that you may tether to the audio system you already owned. Set a Sonos amp in any room of your home, and digital music may very well be summoned out of your pc utilizing a devoted wi-fi distant management. You’d have the ability to transfer your speaker setup to new rooms, alter which audio system have been grouped collectively, and take the entire association with you in case you purchased a brand new dwelling.

Probes check the Wi-Fi antenna efficiency of a Sonos speaker.

Jeffrey Van Camp

By early 2003, the founders had employed Andy Schulert to move up product improvement. He shortly known as on Millington, an outdated Microsoft colleague, to assist resolve essentially the most daunting drawback the corporate was dealing with: learn how to develop networking tech that will flawlessly sync a number of amplifiers collectively, transport music between them, and maintain them related and up to date by the web—throughout Wi-Fi, which was far much less mature again then. Despite having no audio expertise “aside from 10 years of piano classes,” Millington moved to Santa Barbara and taught himself what he wanted to learn about audio synchronization in a matter of weeks.

“We had a saying within the early days of Sonos that if there’s one factor that completely has to work in model 1 of the software program it is the power to improve to model 1.1,” Millington says. “But if there are two issues that must work, then the audio transport is unquestionably the core a part of it. I’ve all the time appreciated to gravitate towards the core drawback the place ‘If we do not resolve this, we’ve no product’ and make it possible for it is dealt with in the absolute best method.”

Syncing amps (and their audio system) wasn’t simple. One of the large challenges with a number of audio system is coping with the accuracy of the human ear, which might shortly detect audio that is out of sync.

“The method that you simply understand stereo [sound] is with variations in time when the sign arrives at your proper ear and your left ear,” Millington explains. “If that’s transferring round or it is off, it should look like the sound is coming from a special location, and it may be fairly fairly disconcerting. You have to synchronize it to lower than a millisecond of accuracy to have or not it’s a extremely pleasurable expertise.”

To get a number of audio system to sync that carefully, Millington developed a technique of time-stamping all of the music touring between audio system, thereby holding every speaker accountable. Timestamping made it just about unimaginable for Sonos ZonePlayers to get out of sync.

Want to offer Alexa an audio improve? Read our evaluate of the Sonos One sensible speaker.

The staff made one other necessary selection round this time. Instead of designating a everlasting grasp ZonePlayer that centrally ran the complete community, the staff created a distributed community during which each Player acted by itself and intelligently communicated with the others—no simple activity. For instance, if a person had 5 ZonePlayers attached, Millington could not let all 5 of them fetch music from the web. It would suck up an excessive amount of bandwidth and doubtlessly crush a house community. So he developed a “delegation” course of that allowed each ZonePlayer to dynamically assign duties to at least one one other. If one ZonePlayer was faraway from the community, one other one might choose up the slack and take over its duties—even fetching the music for all of the Players, if mandatory.

Unfortunately, none of this labored over Wi-Fi but. John MacFarlane was adamant that the entire system work wirelessly, so Millington turned to mesh networking. This technique affords a technique to wirelessly join units in an advert hoc trend, so that you need not depend on a central site visitors level like a router to maintain the community buzzing. Millington taught himself mesh networking in about six weeks.

By early 2004, Sonos’ wi-fi mesh networking system was working. Owners would have the ability to run as much as 32 Sonos gamers of their dwelling, grouping and ungrouping them at will to bundle rooms collectively, play the identical music throughout a whole flooring of their home, or use every participant individually.

But code that works within the lab nonetheless has to cross real-world assessments. Millington and the crew started touring to properties with completely different Wi-Fi setups close to Sonos’ East Coast headquarters in Boston and its West-Coast headquarters in Santa Barbara. They had to determine what microwaves and cordless telephones would possibly do to a Sonos participant underneath the identical roof. In the early days of wi-fi networking, many merchandise did not use Wi-Fi as frugally as they do at the moment, and a few have been main bandwidth hogs, inflicting numerous complications for the staff.

It was tempting to take the simple highway and blame somebody’s Wi-Fi for every thing that went flawed. But for Sonos to succeed as a product, it needed to function in less-than-ideal wi-fi environments, and a number of other months of troubleshooting ensued. The intense quantity of testing the staff went by in that prelaunch part has been immortalized in code; all Sonos merchandise are filled with onboard Wi-Fi diagnostic instruments that may ship studies to customer support reps when audio system begin having issues.

Space Oddity

Sonos’ earliest merchandise have been amps, and also you related your personal audio system. The firm’s iPod-like {hardware} distant might management all of it.


The first Sonos ZonePlayer (ZP100) hit retailer cabinets in early 2005 as a part of a $1,199 bundle that included two amplifiers and a bodily wi-fi distant controller.

That wi-fi controller had a display and route pad so you may play music with no PC. Some engineers affectionately referred to it as a “Russian iPod” due to its chunky, jog-wheel-bedecked design. But it was helpful, displaying album artwork and music titles on a small display, and giving customers the power to group and ungroup audio system. The firm additionally made a robust effort to simplify setup with three-step directions.

At launch, the ZP100 was a distinct segment proposition. Wireless multiroom methods have been completely new. Sonos gamers, although cheaper than a professionally put in wired system, have been nonetheless pretty costly, and the truth that they required you to buy your personal audio system was powerful to speak to a mass viewers. Hardcore audiophiles doubtless understood it, however a lot of them have been already out there for (or owned) an expert setup.

Still, for a startup like Sonos, it was a promising debut. The staff believed the product labored very well and was dependable, and preliminary gross sales have been no less than first rate. As phrase of mouth started to unfold and new ZonePlayer amps arrived, Sonos gained extra consideration.

All-In on iPhone

With the idea of networked audio confirmed and Sonos’ amp enterprise up and operating, Millington was promoted to director of superior improvement and structure in 2006. In his new position, he assembled a small staff of half a dozen engineers to create daring, modern product concepts—a skunkworks staff of kinds. While the remainder of the corporate maintained and improved these wi-fi amps, he started engaged on new ideas.

One of his first initiatives turned out to be a important milestone for Sonos.

With Millington on the helm, Sonos launched its first iPhone app in late 2008—the identical yr the App Store launched. The firm debated whether or not to cost for the app (no person knew how a lot apps ought to actually value again then) however determined to make it free.

Millington credit the opposite founders, significantly MacFarlane, for the brisk adoption of iOS. MacFarlane’s “a man who lives three or 4 years sooner or later, and he takes with no consideration issues that do not really exist but, is sort of how I’d describe his mindset,” Millington tells me with a smile. “He actually gave us the push in that space.”

The app eradicated the necessity for a bunch PC or that “Russian iPod” wi-fi controller. In the years that adopted, Millington and the staff continued to flesh out the app and started including direct entry to music streaming providers as listeners stopped hoarding MP3s on their dwelling pc and started turning to providers like Pandora, Rhapsody, and Spotify.

Sonos additionally made a important resolution round this time that continues to outline what the corporate is about: It selected to stay an open platform. The firm determined in opposition to making its personal music service and as an alternative started working to assist each audio service available on the market in a very impartial method.

“Sonos is a degree enjoying area for these providers to compete for customers’ attentions and subscriptions. We’ve by no means taken any cash from a music service or promoted any one in every of them [over the others],” Millington says. “I feel the providers admire that.”

The Sonos app finally grew to assist round 100 providers globally, greater than any comparable platform.

The First Sonos Speaker

The subsequent milestone mission for Millington’s staff was a full-fledged speaker for Sonos. In early 2008, he employed an audio engineer named Chris Kallai, a self-described “audio nut” who had hung out at Harman and Velodyne.

In its early years, Sonos centered on amplifiers as an alternative of audio system as a result of it appeared too tough for an unknown model to launch a speaker as its first product. There have been numerous established corporations within the house. Executives additionally believed that customers and reviewers tended to evaluate audio system otherwise than amps. Amps are nearly all the time evaluated objectively. With audio system, nevertheless, every listener tends to favor their most well-liked sound signatures.

“There was simply numerous snake oil and folklore round which of them sound good and which of them do not, and issues like that,” Millington says. “You know the good factor about an amplifier is you’ll be able to measure whether or not it sounds good or not. Either it reproduces the enter or it does not, whereas with a speaker it is rather more subjective.”

To resolve the issue, the corporate determined to keep away from making a “Sonos sound” of its personal. Kallai, Millington, and others determined Sonos audio system would attempt to replicate what recording engineers heard within the studio as they recorded albums. They assembled a bunch of recording artists and engineers to assist. Several notable names in music, together with Rick Rubin, joined the group. (Giles Martin, son of Beatles producer George Martin and overseer of many current Beatles remasterings, presently heads it up.)

An early Sonos Play:5 speaker.


With Kallai’s assist, Sonos shipped the $399 Play:5 speaker in 2009. Millington and others described this as a turning level for the corporate due to how a lot it simplified the Sonos proposition. Combined with the brand new iPhone app, it was a speaker that labored out of the field and sounded incredible. It may very well be used alone or be networked with as many as 31 items of Sonos {hardware}—different Play:5 audio system or older ZonePlayers. It additionally acquired extra succesful over time, because of firmware updates that downloaded and put in from the app—refreshing all audio system directly.

“In some methods you’ll be able to consider [the Play:5] as the primary sensible speaker within the sense that it is internet-connected, runs software program, connects to music providers, and may make music itself slightly than being hooked as much as an exterior amplifier and audio system,” Millington says.

The Play:5 earned comparatively excessive marks from reviewers, who appreciated its sound and options. It helps that the Play:5 stood out amongst what appeared like a sea of dwelling audio system with iPod docks or then-subpar Bluetooth radios.

Let the Good Times Roll

The success of merchandise just like the Play:5 and iPhone app led to a promotion for Millington. He was put answerable for the complete product division at Sonos in early 2010.

Throughout the subsequent few years, increasingly more music listeners started to depend on their telephones to stream songs, and for anybody who appreciated utilizing an app, Sonos turned a lovely concept. The firm loved a wave of progress and recognition as a frontrunner in multiroom audio throughout these years, including audio system just like the petite $200 Play:1 (the top-selling Sonos speaker) and Playbar soundbar to its lineup. Eventually, Sonos got here full circle and revamped the Play:5, giving it contact controls and a contemporary exterior.

Sonos audio system endure testing at its Boston lab. On the desk are Play:5 audio system, a Playbar, and a Playbase. On the ground are Subs, the corporate’s wi-fi subwoofers.

Jeffrey Van Camp

In early 2014, Sonos redesigned its smartphone app, including a common music search that allow you to hunt by all of your music providers directly. Later that yr, an replace eradicated the necessity to bodily plug one in every of your audio system/amps into your property router to create a Sonos community. All of a sudden, each Sonos participant might simply join by way of Wi-Fi, additional simplifying setup.

But on the finish of 2014, issues started to alter. Amazon launched a small voice-powered speaker known as the Echo. It did not sound excellent, and Sonos did not acknowledge it as a risk. But the Echo quietly kicked off a wholly new wave of sensible audio system powered by voice management. Just as issues have been starting to get snug, the bottom beneath Millington and his staff’s ft started to shift.

A peek contained in the Sonos lab.


After I end my multihour chat with Nick Millington within the “Fenway” assembly room at Sonos’ Boston workplace, {hardware} lab supervisor Jim Weineck whisks me away to offer me a full tour of the corporate’s labs, the place merchandise, new and outdated, are put by their paces. The facility is intense. Many testing chambers appear like huge financial institution vaults from the skin, and it isn’t unusual to see big foam cones protruding from the partitions and ceilings.

In one chamber, audio system are stress-tested by having particular pink noise tones piped by them for a number of months at a time. Pink noise sounds rather a lot like white noise, nevertheless it accommodates frequencies which might be higher for testing audio methods. (I used to be instructed that, within the Santa Barbara places of work, Sonos had 64 Play:1 audio system enjoying audio at most quantity for 12 months straight utilizing a custom-designed tone. This tone, known as “life check noise,” simulates a bunch of songs throughout all genres directly, and pumping it by the audio system for a yr can simulate 10 years of playback.)

In one other room the scale of a walk-in freezer, an enormous round array of probes research how effectively the Wi-Fi antennas in Sonos merchandise choose up and emit a sign. A monitor exhibits me a 3-D Wi-Fi cloud for the Sonos Playbase, which seems to have a troublesome time selecting up indicators straight beneath it. Other rooms check for issues just like the long-term results of maximum temperatures, static electrical energy and the way it impacts contact controls, and unintentional radiation.

On the tour, one engineer tells me Sonos audio system are filled with extra antennas and connectivity tech than they really want. The staff even tries to squeeze in options that will not be used but, understanding they may be activated sooner or later by way of a software program replace. Whenever Sonos releases new updates, it takes pains to ensure older {hardware} nonetheless works reliably. Millington and different staff say there are nonetheless ZP100s on the market, serving up music in 2018 similar to they did in 2005. Quite just a few of them, really. Sonos claims that 93 p.c of all of the gamers it has offered are nonetheless in use—a determine that stands out in a tech world the place internet-connected merchandise more and more appear to die on a whim.

A speaker is evaluated contained in the anechoic chamber.


Weineck leads me into Sonos’ anechoic acoustic chamber, my favourite a part of the tour. It’s a two-story vault with a door so heavy it must be operated electronically. Inside, the room is totally silent. The partitions and ceiling are lined with bundles of foot-long, grey, triangular prisms that take up all sound and cancel any reverberations. The flooring is a trampoline-like mesh materials topped with a steel wire grid. If you peer by the mesh, you’ll be able to see that you simply’re suspended about 10 ft off the grey, foamy floor. In the middle of the room is a pedestal the place a speaker sits with an arced pole of microphones in entrance of it. These mics seize and map the sound that comes out of a speaker.

Standing in a silent chamber is oddly unnerving. Weineck tells me that with the lights out, folks begin to go loopy after a couple of minutes within the vault as a result of they lose all sense of house and route. All they’ll hear is their very own heartbeat. As quickly as he tells me this, I too swear I can hear my very own organs pulsating.

Other areas of the power maintain Faraday cages that block outdoors indicators to create a pure setting the place Sonos can check the Wi-Fi entry factors of its audio system (a necessity in a constructing crammed with tons of of internet-connected units). A 3-D-printing room lets designers shortly mock up new product concepts.

Weineck describes a few rooms as “teleconferencing on steroids” because of their digital whiteboards, extremely delicate directional microphones, and a surgical digital camera mounted to the ceiling. The digital camera is exact sufficient to zoom in on the threading of a screw. The Santa Barbara places of work have rooms similar to those right here in Boston, enabling worldwide nitpicking as groups on every coast work collectively to good the look or sound of a brand new speaker.

Notes of humanity peek by the sterile jungle of lab gear on concrete flooring. I discover jokes posted on the partitions and oddly positioned toys, like a shark sitting atop check gear, hinting that there’s no less than a little time for play within the audio labs. In a woodworking lab, some staff pulled a prank on an engineer’s tendency to meticulously label his provides by labeling completely every thing within the room when he was on trip, together with his sink and chair. They laughed, telling me it was to assist him “get again in control shortly.”

There are additionally Obi-Wan Kenobi photographs saying “this isn’t the room you are in search of” cheekily plastered on a number of the extra mysterious doorways within the labs throughout my go to. Like a very good stormtrooper, I transfer alongside, however I additionally surprise what the audio Jedi are as much as in these secret labs.

For an organization born by wanting forward, Sonos was late to acknowledge the significance of voice controls in audio system. Though the Amazon Echo launched method again in 2014, Sonos simply started promoting its first voice-enabled merchandise prior to now yr, with the Sonos One and the brand new Sonos Beam. The shift has compelled Millington and his product staff to rethink what a Sonos speaker ought to do yet again.

In some methods, Sonos remains to be forward. The multiroom capabilities within the Google Assistant app are already beginning to get fairly good, however Amazon’s Alexa is suffering from numerous complications in terms of multiroom and third-party speaker assist. Neither Google’s nor Amazon’s product helps as many streaming providers as Sonos, and the one streaming service supported by Apple’s Siri-enabled HomePod speaker is Apple Music.

Sonos has chosen to stay agnostic in terms of voice assistants.

“Smart audio system can do a ton of issues, [but] the killer software is music,” Millington says. “I feel second solely to, you realize, ‘Alexa set a timer for 30 seconds,’ music is the predominant software of sensible audio system. Once you’ve got put a number of audio system into an setting, it’s a must to cope with the multiroom points. They’ve gotta be synchronized, you’ve got acquired to have the ability to group them, and you have to do it in a method that is decentralized, that does not contain any sort of server.”

Much like they did by supporting all music-streaming providers equally, Millington and his crew have chosen to stay agnostic in terms of voice assistants. While nearly each different voice-activated speaker focuses solely on supporting a single service, Sonos plans to assist the three greatest—Alexa, Siri, and Google Assistant—by the top of the yr. The staff even has a reputation for the physique of content material all of us entry on voice assistants: the sonic web.

“In some ways, audio system are the browsers for that sonic web,” Millington says. “They’re the factor that allows you to go and hook up with all of the content material that is on the market. Now, think about a browser that might solely go to or might solely go to or might solely go to That’s a slightly restricted expertise.”

Supporting multiple assistant in a single speaker provides compatibility issues.

“We’re working with Google Assistant alongside Alexa and no person’s ever actually thought of learn how to get these issues to coexist earlier than,” Millington says. “What does it even imply to ask Alexa to ‘order an Uber’ after which ask Google, ‘When’s my Uber going to be right here?’ We’re beginning to assume by a bunch of these varieties of points. That for me is the place the innovation typically occurs.”

Walk This Way

Until now, Sonos merchandise have all the time been made to dwell in rooms of your property. The firm’s mantra has lengthy been “fill each dwelling with music.” But that mission could also be too limiting for Sonos at the moment, Millington says.

The subsequent step for Millington may be taking all these voice assistants on the sonic web, and the complete speaker platform Sonos has developed, outdoors the house for the primary time.

“One of the important thing transitions that we discuss is from dwelling to all over the place,” Millington says, selecting his phrases rigorously. “The dwelling is not the one place the place you hearken to music. There are many locations the place you hearken to music. So I’d say, with out giving the blow-by-blow of every thing in our highway map, that is one of many key themes that we’re excited about.”

When I ask once more, he clarifies his phrases however will not decide to any future merchandise or whether or not they’re concepts or really in improvement.

“Over time, all over the place that you simply would possibly wish to take pleasure in music—in several rooms of your home in addition to outdoors the house—we wish to have a product that serves that situation very well, and likewise any content material that is related to you,” he says. “We wish to make it as simple as doable so that you can summon that up wherever you might be. All of our work goes into these areas. And once more, once I say content material it isn’t simply music. It’s sonic tradition umbrella on the whole: podcasts, leisure, TV soundtracks, issues like that.”

Does that imply Sonos is planning to make a set of headphones sooner or later? Maybe a battery-powered transportable Sonos speaker? Something else completely? We’ll have to attend and see, however excited about how Sonos would possibly work outdoors the house is thrilling.

Since there is no such thing as a dependable Wi-Fi outdoors, Sonos merchandise would wish to tether to your telephone by way of Bluetooth, or possibly they could straight hook up with LTE service—although that, admittedly, seems like an extended shot. What we all know is that these are actually all issues Sonos is pondering as effectively.

For Millington, the very best half about the way forward for Sonos is the way it will enhance each product the corporate has already shipped.

“Personally, I’m extremely pleased with the truth that you need to use the newest iPhone and our app to manage a Sonos participant that you simply purchased again in 2005, and hearken to Spotify, when none of these applied sciences even existed on the time.”

Whether Millington and Sonos can preserve that mindset and maintain all of their new merchandise alive for greater than a decade—all whereas pursuing the sort of progress that is demanded of a publicly traded firm—is a query no voice assistant can reply simply but.

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